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Amazon – A Mystery for Sellers and Buyers!

March 5th, 2015

Amazon has always a mystery for people who wish to make some extra money selling things online. It’s not the Amazon that only provides the opportunity to sell things to potential buyers, there are other popular marketplaces like eBay are too well-known. We can simply draw a comparison line between Amazon and eBay that they are into the same sector where buyers and seller explore each other for possible transactions. But both are completely different from each other so far as selling and buying methods are concerned. EBay is known for its auction style selling procedure and Amazon is well known for book selling. But both the online marketplaces have come a long way ahead. From Dot-Com to Web 3.0 through Web 2.0, a lot has been changed on World Wide Web and the way internet surfers behave online especially during online purchases.

If anybody asks me which WWW term is the most confusing, I would say “Web 2.0”. According to Wikipedia.org, “Web 2.0 is the business revolution in the computer industry caused by the move to the Internet as a platform, and an attempt to understand the rules for success on that new platform.” Web 2.0 revolution encourages lightweight, easy-to-use and user centric business models. In other sense we can assume that Web 2.0 ushered the era of Internet Independence. Amazon has rightly supported the Web 2.0 standards and has opened its solutions to other sellers. As a result Amazon sellers now can sell a lot variety of products apart from books.

The best thing about Amazon is that it offers a wide range of individual features to the customer that, when united, offer a very interactive experience. Due to this reason, Amazon successfully retains customers despite heavy competition from other marketplaces so far as price is concerned.

Features like Products Review, Tagging and Categorization, Product Rating, and even Product Review Rating by other customers have made Amazon a reliable source for buying and selling.

Over the course of time, a customer can build a reputation as a reviewer. This facilitates a sense of ownership on the site and encourages customers getting engaged on the site while shopping. Buyers can publish photos of the products they’ve bought. This all serves the customers by providing additional information that plays a major factor while making a purchasing decision.

But this does not stop here. An Amazon Buyer can prepare lists of various relative items that they can be recommended as a group.

This is all Open Data Contribution feature of Amazon. But Amazon also follows its buyers’ behaviour and gathers information from such buyers’ behaviour patterns. If an Amazon buyer looks at one product but ends up buying another, that’s a Data Point that can potentially control a purchasing decision for the next buyer. Amazon gathers this information and prepares a Product Ranking, along with additional information that eventually gets published along with the core product features.

Web Design Tactics Explored!

March 5th, 2015

A Well-Designed Website cannot be possible without correct conceptualization, proper planning and meticulous modelling and execution of all three previous processes. If we closely observe the complete web design process, a Two-Part Process can easily be carved out. Let’s find out how this Two-Part Process works. The first of this process is to analyse the requirements and objectives with the help of your development guys so that a Well Thought-out Plan can be established. The second process is to prepare a project specification document that must define what you plan to do and why, and what external support you may need, how long the process may take, what resources may be spent, and how the efforts can be assessed.

Web design is not as easy as most people assume. Several groups of people meet together, zoom in to the requirements and deliver a well-designed and user-friendly website. But it has been found that very often the web developers approach and accomplish web design project from a technological point of view and web designers are nothing but mere. This never justifies a web design project. One should consider some other groups of people to consult with. You may need the following groups while planning a web design project:

• Content Experts,

• Writers,

• Information Architects, and

• Graphic Designers.

All web design projects have a single bottom-line, “have to be genuinely useful to your target audience, meeting their requirements and expectations without being too hard to use.” Here we can infer some of the basic objectives of web design and that are:

• A website should be designed and developed for its users.

• A website should be user-friendly.

Most of the users of your website are not expected to be technologically savvy. The users always follow the directions that you have shown to them in your website. If your website navigation structure does not provide easy drive experience for the users, then it is obvious for users to hit back button more often. Your website should provide a pleasant experience to each and every visitor it receives. Here follows some guidelines for developers and designers while developing a website:

Online visitors are very volatile, but in general they show a similar pattern in tendencies which govern their behaviour while surfing online. First, most of your website users are expected to scan your web pages in top-to-bottom and left-to-right pattern (this assumption is based on English speaking readers and specific to English websites). Put your navigation menu at the top or on the left of the web page. Users have come to expect this anyway as this pattern is one of the Web Conventional Page Structure.

The navigation menu should explain what the destination page would be and its relationship with the source page. The users should be aware of the outcomes of each and every click on web page. If you are not following this content display policy, then it is nothing rather your design stupidity.

Text Underlining is one of the neglected parts of a website. Underlined text within content very often assumed as hyperlinks. So unnecessary underlying of non-hyperlinked texts for the sake of highlighting texts is not a good idea. You can bold or italicize texts in order to highlight texts.

Creating Mouseovers and Alt-Titles on your graphic links is a very good aspect of a user-friendly website. This makes it pretty easy for a visitor to recognize that the link exists, what it does and where the link is heading.

Buy Art Online – Art and Modern Trends Are Without Limits

February 21st, 2015

One might well ask how much further can art go in modern trends? It appears that there may well be no limit to it.

Not so long ago art meant pictures on canvas, walls, plates or such. Now, however, it can also mean images created by a computer, digital camera or an event. It can incorporate any item we would care to name and virtually any medium we can use to express an idea, an emotion, or a feeling.

Art has virtually taken off and even web sites can be described as such. Certainly the goods available through the Internet, such as any form of craft, is definitely within that category. So photos juxtaposed over blankets, shirts, wallpaper, books and so on are within the range

It has given artists new challenges as many paint portraits and design canvases from photos. They can turn 2D images into 3D pictures. They can add shadows, shapes, images, and all forms of design over the original to create better impressions that people love to hang on their walls or carry on their person.

Some new trends are outstanding enough to warrant special mention. High among these are such things as wallpapers that cover windows but through which one can still see outside. The magnificent scenery in modern art and the techniques used allows one to greatly enhance their environment. The uses for such are enormous as different abodes require different treatment to make them livable..

Art has also entered the realm of images that glow in the dark or enhance a room with extraordinary touches of color that serve no other purpose other than to hide a blank wall, tizzy up a dull room or carry a color or shape of a feature piece of furniture. No matter its use art is certainly a greater entertainment medium than in the past.

Whatever the occasion there is now art to fulfill virtually every need and the Internet is fast becoming the best place to search for it.

Modern Trends in Press Release Distribution

February 18th, 2015

Since 1906, the press release has been the primary tool used to reach out to the mass media with news. For a very long time, a press release consisted of a sheet of paper with an informative message containing news about the organization that had release it, or some upcoming event. Newspapers and magazines used these sheets as a basis for articles. As a rule, the text did not include all of the information to be found in the final newspaper article, but provided the raw materials and a sober presentation of facts with the help of which, journalists fashioned an article more suited to public consumption.

These paper sheets used to be distributed among journalists at briefings and press conferences, or sent out via electronic communication devices. Distribution in this manner was an expensive endeavor; many organizations could not afford to organize a meeting with newspaper journalists and representatives from large media outlets.

At the present time, with widespread Internet coverage, large news agencies and newspapers no longer maintain a monopoly over distribution. Small and medium-size businesses now have ample opportunities to spread their news via the global web. Organizations and private firms, having submitted press releases containing their news to a distribution service, enjoy the possibility of reaching the consumer directly, side-stepping the large news agencies with no great interest in publishing information about small businesses. Our understanding of press releases has therefore been transformed.

At the same time, thanks to the simplicity and accessibility of distribution, web technology means it is possible to supplement any type of press release with information, something which previously would have been impossible. Modern releases may include images, video footage, files with electronic charts, PDF files, and other materials. The modern trend is to add a business location map, and to mark on this map the different places discussed in the text. Every marker includes a short description of the indicated address, telephone, website, and other requisites. Normally, the office of the publisher’s company is also marked on the map, shops, the locations where events are to be held, or any other place mentioned.

As already mentioned, press releases previously contained only the bare facts. The language used in was dry and boring. Today, the aim of press release distribution is to reach not only the mass media, but also to reach the final reader directly. But the contemporary reader, as a rule, is not interesting in reading a dull and monotonous text. There has been a modern trend away from the traditional, dry listing of facts. The modern trend is to include language reminiscent of an advertisement, especially if the text is about a product or service. Often, the text is spotted with superlatives, exclamation marks, and expressions of wonder. There has also been a notable move away from the use of the third person. But as with all prose, it is inadvisable to overuse these devices. The tone of a perfect press release is balanced between that of an advertisement and a dry outlining of facts, otherwise the press release may be refused as spam, and not distributed.

In this way, the press release, is no longer simply a tool for the notification of the mass media about news, but has gained a new significance- the promotion of goods and services.

Downhill Skiing — Foods for Endurance on Ski Days

January 19th, 2015

To ski strong, remain mentally alert, and have enough energy in reserve for the expert zones, you need to fuel and hydrate your body throughout the day. During a day of all-terrain skiing, your body can burn between 2,000 and 3,000 calories, depending on your weight, which is over and above the calories required for normal bodily functions. The energy needs to come from the food you eat before, during, and after skiing.

First, we’ll review the six essentials of life. Next, we’ll look at the foods an all-terrain skier needs to maximize his or her performance, as well as when to eat and hydrate throughout the day for endurance.

Forget the Atkins protein-only diet, skiers need loads of carbohydrates, which the body burns quickly and easily, to remain strong and alert on those double black-diamond runs. But you also need protein for sustained energy, as well as some fats. So, what you eat is of prime importance.

For starters, we’ll take a look at the six essentials of life and then we’ll calculate the calorie burn experienced by all-terrain skiers on a typical ski day. Next, we’ll determine the food that’s required by those same skiers to make up for the lost calories. However, eating the right foods, but at the wrong time of the day can actually be detrimental to your endurance. We’ll discuss when and how to eat and hydrate so you can maximize your performance and enhance your staying power.

The Six Essentials of Life

The five essentials of life that must come from the foods you eat are glucose from carbohydrates, amino acids for protein, and fatty acids from fats, as well as vitamins and minerals. The sixth essential is not actually a food, but a fluid, namely water. Now, let’s take a look at the six essentials in more detail.

Proteins

While carbohydrates are a skier’s main energy source, what most people overlook is the need to add protein. Protein has a time-release effect and stays in the system longer to provide a more sustained energy. Without it, you’ll tire out quickly. Protein is one of the three basic calorie-providing foodstuffs, carbohydrates and fats being the others. Protein is made up of amino acids, each of which fuels a different body function.

For example, muscle proteins provide power. Furthermore, because muscle fibers are in part made up of protein, they need protein for repair. Protein mends the small muscle tears that naturally occur during strenuous exercise such as skiing, helping muscles to function at their maximum.

Fats

Fats are one of the three basic calorie-providing foodstuffs, carbohydrates and proteins being the others. Fat is the most concentrated source of energy in the diet, furnishing over twice the number of calories as carbohydrates or proteins.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are a skier’s main energy source, because they provide immediate fuel and are one of the three basic calorie-providing foods, proteins and fats being the others. The digestive tract breaks carbohydrates down into the simple sugar glucose, which enters the bloodstream and is the body’s main raw material for energy.

Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals regulate the body’s metabolic processes that make energy. In other words, you have to have them to create energy. That in a nutshell is why they’re essential. Most sports experts agree that vitamins and minerals are an important part of skiing strong. While it may be tempting to use supplements, nutritionists recommend skiers look to simple vitamins and minerals from food they eat, which are generally safer than supplements and crucial to an active lifestyle, skiing included.

Water

There’s nothing more important for your body than water. Yet skiers largely ignore the benefit of hydration on the slopes. Why? One reason, people don’t want to take time out from their skiing to go through the hassle of stopping at the lodge for a water break. The fact is that while you’re skiing, you can lose 1 to 2 quarts of water per hour. If you don’t replace it, your heart will be forced to work harder to compensate for the lower volume of fluids in your body. This extra exertion can cause quicker fatigue, including cramping, lost reaction time, coordination, and endurance.

The Caloric Burn of the All-Terrain Skier

The most important aspect of any food is its caloric value, where the calorie is a measure of the energy produced by food as it’s burned in the body. First, let’s figure out the number of calories that an all-terrain skier burns on a typical ski day.

The average person burns somewhere in the range of 1,500 to 2,000 calories per day just from normal bodily functions, without skiing at all. A 120 lb downhill skier burns approximately 342 calories per hour, while a 180 lb downhill skier consumes about 510 calories per hour. When you consider a five hour ski day, that same 120 lb skier burns 1,500 +1,710 = 3,210 calories per day, while that same 180 lb skier dissipates 2,000 + 2,550 = 4,550 calories per day. We’re not finished yet.

An all-terrain skier burns even more. Why? Skiing in the expert zones requires a greater expenditure of calories because one has to work even harder in the moguls, trees, and steeps. Let’s assume that our downhill skiers spend 40% of their day in the above terrain and the other 60% of the time on groomed trails. Let’s also assume that both skiers burn 50% more calories per hour when they are in the expert zones. If you’ve ever spent a couple of hours skiing in long, mogul fields and down dense, tree runs you’ll appreciate that a weighting factor of 1.50 is not out of line.

Our same 120 lb all-terrain skier burns 1500 + [(0.4 X 5) X (1.50 X 342)] + [(0.6 X 5) X 342] = 3,552 calories per day, while the same 180 lb all-terrain skier consumes a whopping 2,000 + [(0.4 X 5) X (1.50 X 510)] + [(0.6 X 5) X 510] = 5,060 calories per day. No wonder their bodies are screaming for food. We’ll use the above results in the next section, The Caloric Requirements of the All-Terrain Skier.

The biggest concern for skiers isn’t overdoing it, but rather not getting enough calories. Many fall into the trap of skiing through meals, which can be far worse than eating too much. Food is a vital part of skiing strong, especially if you want to ski your best in the expert zones. If you don’t eat regularly while you’re on the slopes, your body won’t be able to replenish its carbohydrate stores. Your energy level will be drop, and you’ll be more susceptible to injury. So, all you expert skiers eat with gusto. Here’s what you need!

The Caloric Requirements of the All-Terrain Skier

Proteins

Protein is a building block of life. Yet in the age of low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets, most people, including skiers, don’t get enough. To ski your best, have optimal recovery, and have a great time, you need adequate protein in your diet. Complete protein animal sources are meat, fish, poultry, and dairy products. Complete protein vegetable sources are carrots, corn, cucumbers, potatoes, tomatoes, sweat potatoes, peas, and cabbage, as well as soy. But just how much protein is enough?

The average 120-pound person needs about 43 grams of protein each day, while the average 180-pound person requires approximately 65 grams of protein each day. These amounts are recommended daily allowances for people who are basically sedentary. Some nutritionists recommend skiers consume 25 percent more protein than the recommended daily allowance, which may be somewhat conservative. There are other experts who suggest that skiers consume up to twice that amount.

Let’s use the 25% increase in protein consumption for downhill skiers, and then apply an additional weighting factor of 75% for our all-terrain skiers. So, our same 120 lb downhill skier requires 43 x 1.25 = 54 grams of protein per day, while the same 180 lb downhill skier needs 65 X 1.25 = 81 grams of protein per day.

Now, our 120 lb all-terrain skier requires about 54 X 1.75 = 95 grams of protein per day, and our 180 lb all-terrain skier needs approximately 81 X 1.75 = 142 grams of protein per day. We know there are approximately 4 calories per gram of protein, so the protein requirement in terms of calories is 4 X 95 = 380 calories per day for our 120 lb all-terrain skier, and 4 X 142 = 568 calories per day for our 180 lb all-terrain skier.

By the way, there is no chance of protein overload since skiing, especially all-terrain skiing, is such a high-endurance sport that there is little risk of getting too much.

Fats

Most people believe less fat is better, but health experts are now saying that eating too lean can starve your muscles, especially if you’re a skier. Cold air beating against the body causes a rush of adrenaline that speeds up the metabolism of fat, making it even more essential to get enough. Making sure you consume the right amount of fat will help you stay warm and energetic on the slopes. How much and what type of fat should you eat?

Natalie Harris, a registered dietician in Boulder, Colorado says “Between 25 to 30 percent of your total daily energy needs” should come from fat sources. Let’s use 25 percent for our purposes. We also know that our 120 lb all-terrain skier burns approximately 3,552 calories per day. Therefore, about 888 calories should come from fat. Since there are 9 calories per gram of fat, this skier requires 98 grams of fat. Likewise, our 180 lb all-terrain skier consumes about 5,060 calories per day, so about 1,265 calories should stem from fat. This skier requires 140 grams of fat. What kind of fat should we eat?

Completely avoid Trans fats found in cookies, crackers, chips, and margarine in stick form. Limit saturated and polyunsaturated fat to a third of your fat intake. Saturated fats are found in animal products such as red meat, egg yolks, butter, lard, and shortening, as well as high-fat dairy foods and tropical oils such as coconut oil, while polyunsaturated fats include vegetable oils, walnuts, Brazil nuts, pine nuts, and sunflower seeds. In the case of our 120 lb skier, that’s about 0.33 X 98 = 32 grams of saturated and polyunsaturated fat, while our 180 lb skier should consume about 0.33 X 140 = 46 grams of the same fats.

Eat mostly monounsaturated fat and Omega-3 fatty acids. The balance or 66% of your fat intake should come from these sources. Monounsaturated fats include olive and canola oils, olives, avocados, and most nuts, including almonds, filberts, peanuts, pecans, cashews, and pistachios. Sources of Omega-3 fatty acids include high-fat fish like salmon, herring, and sardines, dark green leafy vegetables, flaxseeds, as well as flaxseed and soybean oils. In the case of our 120 lb skier, that’s about 0.66 X 118 = 65 grams of monounsaturated fat and Omega-3 fatty acids, while our 180 lb skier should consume about 0.66 X = 92 grams of the same fats.

Carbohydrates

As mentioned previously carbohydrates are a main source of energy for the body, and the only source of glucose, which is used to make fuel for the cells in the muscles, brain, and nervous system. In addition, there are simple carbohydrates, as well as complex carbohydrates. We’ll be dealing with both in this lesson.

Simple carbohydrates include fruit and fruit juices, syrup, white and brown sugar, honey, soda pop, sports drinks, chocolate, candy, milk, and yogurt. Complex carbohydrates include potatoes, squash, grains such as oats, barley, corn, and rice, wheat and wheat products such as bread, pasta, and pancakes, breakfast cereals, fruits, and vegetables. So, how much carbohydrate does an expert skier need to consume?

We already know that our 120 lb all-terrain skier burns approximately 3,552 calories per day. We’ve calculated that about 888 calories should come from fat, and another 380 calories from protein. That means 2,284 calories should be consumed from carbohydrate sources. Our 180 lb all-terrain skier burns about 5,060 calories per day. This skier requires 568 calories from protein, 1,265 calories from fat, and 3,227 calories should to be eaten from sources of carbohydrate.

In addition, since there are approximately 4 calories per gram of carbohydrates, our 120 lb all-terrain skier requires about 540 grams of carbohydrates per day, while our 180 lb all-terrain skier needs nearly 765 grams of carbohydrates per day.

Vitamins and Minerals

We really don’t need to make any calculations for these groups. If you eat according to the plan in the next section you’ll get an adequate supply of both vitamins and minerals.

Water

Skiers should drink at least 2 quarts of water per day and avoid caffeinated beverages. That’s equivalent to 8 x 8 fluid ounce glasses of water per day. Sounds like a lot of water, doesn’t it? Not really if you consider the following facts.

There are several ways in which your body loses fluids while you’re skiing. If you’re properly layered, you may not even feel as if you’re sweating, but you are. The moisture from your body evaporates into the dry mountain air almost instantly. You also lose a lot of water in cold weather just from breathing.

Between sweating, breathing, and urinating, it’s not uncommon to lose as much as 4 percent of your total body weight during a couple of hard hours in the expert zones, which is more than enough to affect your performance. For our 180 lb all-terrain skier, that’s equivalent to about 7 lbs of body weight. Since a gallon of water weights in at 10 lbs, that’s nearly 2.8 quarts of lost water. For our 120 lb all-terrain skier, it’s about 1.9 quarts of water.

But keep in mind that what you’re drinking is just as important as how much. Be careful to stay away from diuretics, such as alcohol or anything with caffeine. Your body also needs a lot of water to process sugary drinks such as soda pop, which may also contain caffeine, and fruit juice. If you do quench your thirst with any of these drinks, you may actually be dehydrating your body. Be sure to drink extra water to balance it out.

Spread the Food Around

You know approximately how many carbs, proteins, and fats you need to eat each day for endurance in the expert zones, but one question remains left unanswered. How much do you need to consume at each meal? This all-important issue needs to be addressed since we want to incorporate the findings in the food guide that appears in the last section.

The expert skier never skips a meal because he or she realizes the consequences that can result. Even if you don’t skip meals, just taking a quick lunch break won’t cut it either. Skiers should eat three full meals each day they’re on the slopes. The food plan in the last section recommends 8:00 AM, 12:00 PM, and 7:00 PM.

But how big should each meal be? Conventional wisdom says you should eat earlier in the day by taking in more of your calories during lunch as opposed to dinner for the following reasons:

You give your body the food it needs when it needs it
You avoid the heightened fat storage that happens when you sleep

The above may be all right for sedentary folk whose only activity during the day is walking over to the water cooler. However, this approach fails to take into account the time lag between digestion and absorption of nutrients. In addition, the fat storage during the night is beneficial for the all–terrain skier since he or she can tap into these fat stores for the energy that’s needed throughout the morning.

Most people do just the opposite. They eat light at breakfast and lunch, and gorge themselves at dinner. This method provides enough energy in the early morning, but not nearly enough as the day progresses. What’s best for the all-terrain skier?

Actually a hybrid of the above approaches is best. For the all-terrain skier, the key is to provide the maximum amount of energy at the times when you’re caloric burn is the greatest. If you’re in the moguls, trees, and steeps between 10:00 and 11:00 AM in the morning, and again in the afternoon between 2:00 and 3:00 PM, these are the periods of time when you need the most fuel for performance and endurance. Put it another way, you’re metabolic rate is the highest during these times. The secret lies in the way you’re body digests different combinations of food.

An important point to remember is that the digestion of food is a process that demands more energy than any other bodily function or physical activity, and will rob you of the very energy that you need for skiing. Proper food combining dramatically improves your energy level. Here’s why?

The human body is not designed to digest more than one concentrated food in the stomach at the same time. Breads, grains, meat, dairy products, legumes, and so on are all concentrated foods. Any food that is not a fruit or a vegetable is concentrated. In light of this fact, proper food combining states that you should not eat more than one concentrated food at a time.

Fruit is not a concentrated food

Fruit demands practically no energy to be digested, because fruit does not digest but passes through the stomach in thirty minutes or less. In addition, fruit provides your body with an abundance of energy. Since it quickly makes its way into the intestines you will feel a boost within an hour after consumption. If you are an office worker, you’ll stay alert and energized all morning. The all-terrain skier should start the morning with three pieces of fruit at around 7:30 AM, but this will not provide enough energy to last until lunch.

Breakfast should be a properly combined meal, without flesh

If food, other than fruit, is properly combined, it is fully digested in the stomach, and nutrients are absorbed from the intestines, and utilized by the body as energy. The way to ensure this is to have one concentrated food at a time, not two. For the layman, a properly combined meal, without flesh will take about 3 hours to go from digestion to utilization in the body. For the skier, with a higher metabolic rate, this same journey should take about 2 hours.

This is just what the expert skier needs at 8:00 AM in the morning. A plate of pancakes with syrup, and a side order of whole wheat toast with jam. Or, maybe a large bowl of oatmeal with brown sugar, and a side order of whole wheat toast with honey. These kinds of breakfasts are 90% carbohydrates, and as such are properly combined. It’s all right to combine a carbohydrate with another carbohydrate, or a starch with another starch.

Notice the absence of the ham, bacon, sausages, and eggs, which are all proteins. This breakfast will give you the boost you need from 10:00 AM until lunch at 12:00 PM, and should also provide your body with enough energy in the early afternoon from 12:00 PM to 2:00 PM.

Lunch should be a properly combined meal, with flesh

For the layman, a properly combined meal, with flesh will take about 4 hours to go from digestion to utilization in the body. For the skier, with a higher metabolic rate, this same journey should take about 2 hours. This is just what the expert skier needs for endurance in the middle of the afternoon.

A properly combined meal, with flesh consists of meat, chicken, or fish with a salad and/or raw vegetables. In other words, the combination of a concentrated food, which is the meat, chicken, or fish, which contains protein, and a non-concentrated food, which is the salad or raw vegetables.

Instead, one could eat bread or pasta with butter along with a salad and/or raw vegetables, which is a combination of a concentrated food, in this case the bread or pasta, which contains carbohydrates, and a non-concentrated food, which is the salad or raw vegetables. Since you had a high carbohydrate loading at breakfast, perhaps it would be best to stick with the first alternative and get more protein at lunch, as well as some fat. The point is not to combine or mix the protein with the carbohydrate at this time of the day.

You may have to prepare this type of lunch at home or at your lodgings, and brown bag it. It’s unlikely you’ll find the above combination at a ski resort. Bring a bowl of salmon, along with a garden salad in olive oil. You could try two chicken breasts, and a bowl of raw carrots and celery sticks. You could eat a large slice of cold roast beef or a small steak, along with a tossed salad in flaxseed oil. The lunch will kick-in and give you the boost you need at around 2:00 PM, just when you’re back in the expert zones. It should provide your body with enough energy from 2:00 PM until 4:00 PM.

Dinner will have to be an improperly combined meal

Steak and potatoes, fish and rice, sausages and pancakes, chicken and noodles, bread and cheese, pasta and meatballs, and so on are all improperly combined meals. They’re a mixture of proteins and carbohydrates, which the stomach can’t handle at the same time. The implications for the all-terrain skier are two-fold.

First, he/she needs to increase the consumption of calories from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to balance the number of calories that were burned throughout the day. The only way to do this is to eat at least one improperly combined meal a day. It is best to have this mixture of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, later in the day, preferable at dinner.

Second, even though evening and night are not high activity periods, our all-terrain skier needs to eat a lot at this time of the day so there is enough energy available for normal bodily functions throughout the night and some fat left over for use in the morning.

The fruit at 7:30 AM will digest and be absorbed by 8:00 AM. The carbohydrate from the fruit will be burned first and within about 60 minutes. So, the skier needs a source of energy from 9:00 AM until around 10:00 AM, at which time the all-carbohydrate breakfast will kick-in. This is more or less when most skiers start their ski day. Where does this energy come from?

The energy must come from the fat that’s stored from the previous night’s dinner. Remember, this improperly combined meal will take about four hours to pass from the stomach to the intestines. If the meal is eaten at 7:00 PM, it will be in the intestines at around 11:00 PM. It will take at least another ten hours for the food to make it to the intestines for absorption. Some of the carbohydrates and protein from the dinner are converted into fat and will be stored for use the next morning. When the skier begins his or her first run at 9:00 AM, he or she must draw from this stored fuel for sustenance until more energy is available from breakfast.

Hydrate Before You Thirst

You know approximately how much water you need each day to perform effectively in the expert zones, but a couple of questions remain. When should you drink and how much should you drink at each water break?

It takes about half-an-hour for the thirst response to kick-in, and even longer as your body ages or becomes accustomed to dehydration. In other words, by the time you get a craving to drink something, your body can be as much as 2 percent dehydrated, which means you could already be down a quart of water or more. The point is not to become dehydrated, at any time during the day. Just as you spread your intake of food throughout the day, so you should spread your consumption of water throughout the day.

Experts recommend you drink about 16 fluid ounces of water two hours before any physical activity, or 2 of the recommended 8 fluid ounce glasses before you start skiing in the morning. The food guide in the last section suggests one glass when you get up, followed by three pieces of juicy fruit, which provides the second glass of water you need. You should then continue to drink throughout the day, before you get thirsty.

Some Final Thoughts

There is no need to count calories as we’ve done in this lesson. The calculations were done to demonstrate the principles of proper food combining and the need to balance the calories you consume with the calories you burn.

This food regimen is for all-terrain skiers, who spend up to two hours per day skiing moguls, trees, and steeps, and who need to maximize their performance, as well as enhance their endurance. If you fall short of this time in the expert zones, cut back on the calories that you consume. Remember, the recommendations in this article are meant for ski days only.

Downhill Mountain Biking

January 13th, 2015

Extreme sports are getting more and more popular these days. Mountain biking attracts daredevils from all over the world who like to have an “adventure sport experience”.

The term mountain biking includes many different styles. The range is from gentle types such as cross country where you ride up and down the hills, and cyclo cross, which is a combination between mountain biking and road biking, to more ‘extreme’ styles. Downhill biking is one of the more extreme types and it is also one of the most popular forms of mountain biking.

In downhill mountain biking as the name implies, you only ride down the hills. The bike and the biker get transported up to the top by a lift and then begin the thrilling ride down. What you’re aiming for is to get to the bottom of the hill as fast as possible, managing to pass all the obstacles. The situations that occur often get pretty extreme. This includes jumps that can be up to twelve meters long, dropping three meters and other kinds of rough conditions that you can find on a mountain slope.

The people that are into downhill mountain biking are those that are looking for a good challenge, that long for the adrenaline pumping experience and don’t mind a few bruises. It’s for those that like to be on the risky, thrilling side of life.

The bike that is being used is a heavy bike compared to other mountain bikes, and weighs somewhere between forty and fifty pounds, so forget about pedaling uphill once you’re out there. If you’ve started your race, there’s only one way to go and that’s down. The bike has to be able to put up with extreme conditions so it is equipped with front and rear suspension and heavy tubing. For the biker, it’s necessary to use full safety gear with a proper helmet, goggles, a body suit plus knee and hand pads. You can expect to have some close contact with the dirt even if you are a professional downhill biker.

There are many ways to improve you skills, the most important one is of course to practice, and then to practice a bit more and a bit more. There are loads of books, DVDs and internet sites where people can watch stunts being performed by professionals sharing their tricks and ideas. That’s a great part of your learning, and you can bring that with you when you’re actually out on the hill. The only way to fully master it though, is to learn by the experience.

Even though there are risky aspects to downhill mountain biking, it’s a sport that’s very worthwhile. It has the ability to give you an experience that is both fun and exciting.

Tips on Preparing For Your First Day of Downhill Skiing

January 12th, 2015

So you want to take up the sport of skiing and you do not know where to start. Let me make it a little easier by offering you some solid information on what is necessary for an enjoyable and safe day of skiing.

Before we get started, you have to choose the type of skiing that you want to do. There are basically two type of ski sports that most beginners like to partake in. Namely, downhill skiing and cross country skiing. Although these two sports are related the equipment required for each sport is completely different. For the purposes of this article we will concentrate on downhill skiing.

Now that you have selected your preferred method of skiing we will look at what is required to participate in this great sport.

My first recommendation is that if you are just starting out that you rent the required equipment. Skiing can be a major investment and before you go out and spend the money you need to decide if downhill skiing is for you or not. Most ski rental place will rent you the skis, the bindings, the boots and the ski poles. They will also fit all the equipment specifically to your body weight and height. All other equipment such as gloves, sunglasses, and the most important item a ski helmet will have to be supplied by you.

If you are planning on buying your own equipment then go to a reputable dealer that is experienced in fitting ski equipment. All equipment should be personally fitted to your age, gender, weight and height and the type of skiing you plan on doing. Much like what they do when you are renting ski equipment for the day. The equipment you need consists of skis, bindings, ski boots, and ski poles.

Other equipment you are going to need consists of head wear protection, such as a helmet, gloves or mitts, and warm ski apparel.

Most sports today require participants to wear some sort of head protection. Skiing is no different. Lately, with the increase in numbers of people taking up the sport, accidents involving head injuries have been on the rise. March 2009 saw a head injury as a result of a ski accident take the life of Natasha Richardson. Since then many ski resorts have made the wearing of ski helmets mandatory for the 2010 season. So make sure you get a proper helmet prior to setting of on your ski day or vacation.

When skiing, one of the most important pieces of equipment you can invest in is a ski helmet [http://www.skihelmetsforsale.com]. Many serious head injuries have occurred from falls on a ski hill when not wearing a ski helmet.

Mt Tamborine – Extreme Sports Playground

January 12th, 2015

Mt Tamborine is located on the Hinterland behind the Gold Coast. It has fast become a holiday destination for those looking for a break from everyday life with a number of spa and eco retreats receiving national exposure.

However it is not just for those that need a rest from the rat race and to sip lattes from the comfort of a spa bath. Mt Tamborine is also popular with those that are looking for just the opposite in life – outdoor adventure. This group of individuals prefer to live life with the feeling of adrenaline pumping through their veins. Some people would describe their activity of choice as dangerous, idiotic and extreme, but to them it is just life.

What type of activities are we talking about?

Downhill Mountain Biking – With surrounding areas being relatively flat, it is no wonder that Mt Tamborine attracts Downhillers from all over South East QLD for a day’s riding. There are a number of Downhill tracks that have been built and maintained by the local mountain bike communities. If you keep your eyes open you can often see a group of riders being driven to up the mountain in a ute with bikes perched on the tailgate. During the summer months some of Australia’s best downhillers can be seen tuning their skills during the off season from racing overseas, such as the Gold Coast’s very own former world #1 Nathan Rennie.

Downhill Skateboarding – An underground sport in Australia compared to other parts of the world, however that has not stopped the sport from booming in the Gold Coast region. Some of the world’s best call the Gold Coast home, including former world ranked #3 Steve Daddow. Other skaters that live on the Gold Coast and attend World Cup Tour events include Adam Yates, Jeremy Rodgers, Corey Lesson and Nathan Aveyard. Mt Tamborine has played a big part in the exposure of the sport to Australia and especially the Gold Coast region with the X Games hosting the Downhill Skateboard events on Mt Tamborine. As the sports is illegal on public roads we urge you not to participate in Downhill Skateboarding around Mt Tamborine without the roads being closed for a specified event.

The History of Downhill Skiing

January 11th, 2015

Long before skiing was a sport, skis were actually utilized for both transportation and work alike. Located in Sweden, the oldest ski known to man is short, wide and believed to be around 4500 years old. However, ancient rock and cave drawings reveal that skis may have existed even earlier than 4500 years ago. Originally, travelers or hunters may have used skis since they were used quite commonly during the extended winter months in Scandinavia and Northern Russia. Speed was a non-issue when making the early designs of skis as they were needed more to keep people on the snows surface while they moved around and traveled.

When looking into the history of downhill skiing, peoples indigenous to the Telemark region of Norway were credited with, in the 1700’s, taking skiing and turning it into a sport. They also are credited with inventing both the Christie and the Telemark turns to control downhill descent speeds. And with a fondness of alpine ski jumping, these pioneers brought into existence the disciplines of Nordic and Alpine skiing. Of course the distinctions we make today between various skiing disciplines were not made hundreds of years ago. In fact, early renditions of skis simply had a boot which was secured to your ski at the toe area only, leaving your heel free to either move down or up. This is now what we call a Nordic style ski.

As you begin to look more closely into the history of downhill skiing, you will surely find that, in the 1800’s, the original organized jumping, skiing and cross country events took place. And into the 1900’s skiing began to flourish as the Norwegians neighbors, the Europeans, began to discover how enthralling skiing could be. During that time period, Nordic style equipment was still heavily used. This fact is highlighted in 1924 with the advent of the first Winter Olympic Games in Chamonix, France. The games only featured five sports while the two skiing events were Nordic. Nordic Combined and Ski Jumping. And in 1932, the Winter Olympic Games opened in Lake Placid, NY and featured Cross Country Skiing as a new Olympic sport.

And as skiers forged on and tackled ever more difficult terrain, their equipment and skill levels needed to adapt to these challenges. This is because turns like the Telemark were sufficient for Norway’s rolling, flat terrain but lacked the necessary control that is crucial for European slopes such as the Alps. Hence, this is how the idea of Alpine skiing was born. When reading about the history of downhill skiing, you will find that Alpine skiing equipment utilizes a boot which is mounted to a ski with both the heel and toe section of the boot attached to it. This provides the skier with more control in order to ski faster and negotiate steep terrain.

Slalom and downhill Alpine skiing came into being using this newer and more modern equipment. In fact, in the Winter Games in Austria in 1936, the first alpine skiing event was introduced to the Olympics. It was called the combined. Also during the period of the 30’s, Europeans took up alpine skiing and its popularity continued to steadily climb. During this time, the first ski lifts were constructed which cancelled out the physically draining task of climbing up a mountain before descending. After World War II, ski areas began to open up when Switzerland and Austria developed Alpine ski resorts.

In 1952 at the Oslo Winter Olympics, the new discipline dubbed Giant Slalom was debuted. The GS actually combined aspects form previous alpine skiing disciplines. And Super G, a Downhill and Giant Slalom hybrid, was the fourth alpine skiing discipline added to both the 1988 Winter Olympic Games and the 1983 World Cup events as well. Over this period of time, skiing equipment manufacturers have been developing safer, faster equipment as athletes have taken and combined the new equipment with a higher skill level and better training in order to improve all facets of this sport. As the debate continues on about which skiing discipline is the premiere one, we know one thing for sure. All styles of skiing are growing in popularity, and skiing can be enjoyable for an entire lifetime.

Gary Pearson is an accomplished niche website developer and author.

Know Your Bike – Downhill Mountain Bikes

January 4th, 2015

Downhill mountain biking is a branch of bicycle sports wherein riders race downhill, starting alone at set intervals, to aim for the best time to finish the entire course. Riders usually reach the point of descent by other means than cycling such as lifts (just like ski lifts for alpine skiing).

The first ever downhill mountain biking time trial was held on October 22, 1976 in a fire road now known as Repack Road in Fairfax, California. Since the sport was new, there were no standard downhill mountain bikes yet and the riders who have participated rode bikes that were known as “klunkers” or “paperboy bikes”. The winner of the said race was Alan Bonds, also the only one to have reached the finished line.

Downhill mountain bikes, or simply referred to as downhill bikes, are bicycles that are intended for this kind of sport. These bikes are built to outlast the steep jumps and rough terrains that are usually common in downhill races. These bikes are sturdier than usual mountain bikes and are therefore heavier. The geometry of their frames lean back further compared to other bicycles and feature full suspensions. Typical downhill bikes will also have thicker tires compared to other bicycle counterparts.

Since downhill riding is considered as an extreme sport, extra precaution is very much needed. Riders are advised to wear helmets that cover the whole face, similar to that in motocross. Falling is very common in downhill biking, therefore a body armors is also much needed together with elbow and knee guards to prevent serious injuries.

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